path: root/doc/developer-guide
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authorCsaba Henk <>2020-07-10 18:50:12 +0200
committerAmar Tumballi <>2020-07-20 05:56:29 +0000
commit1eae3379aed2a7f3fdb9997abcf23130c83bc779 (patch)
tree994d6159041fab1c1ca3edd3b265d523d56c4d7e /doc/developer-guide
parent9334a8de8a061ee139784a2e13974be373b2b01b (diff)
doc: update fuse interrupt documentation
As Issue #1310 pointed out, for fops that have interrupt handlers the fop handler needs to pay attention to give the proper FUSE response when it's interrupted. This change extends the interrupt documentation with guidelines regarding the FUSE response. Also: - improve wording - add an 'Overview' section to explain the code flow before going in to the technical details Change-Id: I852bfb717b1bde73f220878d6376429564413820 updates: #1374 Signed-off-by: Csaba Henk <>
Diffstat (limited to 'doc/developer-guide')
1 files changed, 89 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/doc/developer-guide/ b/doc/developer-guide/
index f92b553..ec991b8 100644
--- a/doc/developer-guide/
+++ b/doc/developer-guide/
@@ -23,9 +23,10 @@ not exported to a header file).
enum fuse_interrupt_state {
+ /* ... */
+ /* ... */
typedef enum fuse_interrupt_state fuse_interrupt_state_t;
struct fuse_interrupt_record;
@@ -62,8 +63,58 @@ dummy implementation only for demonstration purposes.) Flush is chosen
because a `FLUSH` interrupt is easy to trigger (see
*tests/features/interrupt.t*). Interrupt handling for flush is switched on
by `--fuse-flush-handle-interrupt` (a hidden glusterfs command line flag).
-The flush interrupt handling code is guarded by the
-`flush_handle_interrupt` Boolean member of `fuse_private_t`.
+The implementation of flush interrupt is contained in the
+`fuse_flush_interrupt_handler()` function and blocks guarded by the
+if (priv->flush_handle_interrupt) { ...
+conditional (where `priv` is a `*fuse_private_t`).
+### Overview
+"Regular" fuse fops and interrupt handlers interact via a list containing
+interrupt records.
+If a fop wishes to have its interrupts handled, it needs to set up an
+interrupt record and insert it into the list; also when it's to finish
+(ie. in its "cbk" stage) it needs to delete the record from the list.
+If no interrupt happens, basically that's all to it - a list insertion
+and deletion.
+However, if an interrupt comes for the fop, the interrupt FUSE request
+will carry the data identifying an ongoing fop (that is, its `unique`),
+and based on that, the interrupt record will be looked up in the list, and
+the specific interrupt handler (a member of the interrupt record) will be
+Usually the fop needs to share some data with the interrupt handler to
+enable it to perform its task (also shared via the interrupt record).
+The interrupt API offers two approaches to manage shared data:
+- _Async or reference-counting strategy_: from the point on when the interrupt
+ record is inserted to the list, it's owned jointly by the regular fop and
+ the prospective interrupt handler. Both of them need to check before they
+ return if the other is still holding a reference; if not, then they are
+ responsible for reclaiming the shared data.
+- _Sync or borrow strategy_: the interrupt handler is considered a borrower
+ of the shared data. The interrupt handler should not reclaim the shared
+ data. The fop will wait for the interrupt handler to finish (ie., the borrow
+ to be returned), then it has to reclaim the shared data.
+The user of the interrupt API need to call the following functions to
+instrument this control flow:
+- `fuse_interrupt_record_insert()` in the fop to insert the interrupt record to
+ the list;
+- `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()`in the fop (cbk) and
+- `fuse_interrupt_finish_interrupt()`in the interrupt handler
+to perform needed synchronization at the end their tenure. The data management
+strategies are implemented by the `fuse_interrupt_finish_*()` functions (which
+have an argument to specify which strategy to use); these routines take care
+of freeing the interrupt record itself, while the reclamation of the shared data
+is left to the API user.
### Usage
@@ -75,12 +126,15 @@ steps:
call (directly or as async callback) `fuse_interrupt_finish_interrupt()`.
The `intstat` argument to `fuse_interrupt_finish_interrupt` should be
- - `INTERRUPT_SQUELCHED` means that we choose not to handle the interrupt
+ - `INTERRUPT_SQUELCHED` means that the interrupt could not be delivered
and the fop is going on uninterrupted.
- `INTERRUPT_HANDLED` means that the interrupt was actually handled. In
this case the fop will be answered from interrupt context with errno
`EINTR` (that is, the fop should not send a response to the kernel).
+ (the enum `fuse_interrupt_state` includes further members, which are reserved
+ for internal use).
We return to the `sync` and `datap` arguments later.
- In the `fuse_<FOP>` function create an interrupt record using
`fuse_interrupt_record_new()`, passing the incoming `fuse_in_header` and
@@ -92,10 +146,10 @@ steps:
- In `fuse_<FOP>_cbk` call `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()`.
- `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()` returns a Boolean according to whether the
- interrupt was handled. If it was, then the fuse request is already
+ interrupt was handled. If it was, then the FUSE request is already
answered and the stack gets destroyed in `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop` so
- `fuse_<FOP>_cbk` can just return (zero). Otherwise follow the standard
- cbk logic (answer the fuse request and destroy the stack -- these are
+ `fuse_<FOP>_cbk()` can just return (zero). Otherwise follow the standard
+ cbk logic (answer the FUSE request and destroy the stack -- these are
typically accomplished by `fuse_err_cbk()`).
- The last two argument of `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()` and
`fuse_interrupt_finish_interrupt()` are `gf_boolean_t sync` and
@@ -124,7 +178,34 @@ steps:
then that pointer will be directed to the `data` member of the interrupt
record and it's up to the caller what it's doing with it.
- If `sync` is true, interrupt handler can use `datap = NULL`, and
- fop handler will have `datap` set.
+ fop handler will have `datap` point to a valid pointer.
- If `sync` is false, and handlers pass a pointer to a pointer for
`datap`, they should check if the pointed pointer is NULL before
attempting to deal with the data.
+### FUSE answer for the interrupted fop
+The kernel acknowledges a successful interruption for a given FUSE request
+if the filesystem daemon answers it with errno EINTR; upon that, the syscall
+which induced the request will be abruptly terminated with an interrupt, rather
+than returning a value.
+In glusterfs, this can be arranged in two ways.
+- If the interrupt handler wins the race for the interrupt record, ie.
+ `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()` returns true to `fuse_<FOP>_cbk()`, then, as
+ said above, `fuse_<FOP>_cbk()` does not need to answer the FUSE request.
+ That's because then the interrupt handler will take care about answering
+ it (with errno EINTR).
+- If `fuse_interrupt_finish_fop()` returns false to `fuse_<FOP>_cbk()`, then
+ this return value does not inform the fop handler whether there was an interrupt
+ or not. This return value occurs both when fop handler won the race for the
+ interrupt record against the interrupt handler, and when there was no interrupt
+ at all.
+ However, the internal logic of the fop handler might detect from other
+ circumstances that an interrupt was delivered. For example, the fop handler
+ might be sleeping, waiting for some data to arrive, so that a premature
+ wakeup (with no data present) occurs if the interrupt handler intervenes. In
+ such cases it's the responsibility of the fop handler to reply the FUSE
+ request with errro EINTR.